In growing areas of the world the land used for agriculture is moderately or severely affected by soil degradation due to deforestation. Erosion, compaction, low soil organic carbon, nutrient mining and salinisation are increasingly common. This is undermining farmers’ productivity and resilience, as well as the long-term health of the ecosystems on which the entire rural populations depend. The degradation and loss of forests is proceeding at a similarly alarming rate. About 13 million acres of forest were converted to other land uses or lost every year from 2000 to 2010.
Let’s plant trees
The effect of tree planting to the mitigation of climate change in our world today is enormous. Tree planting helps to extract carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and correspondingly releases oxygen to the atmosphere. While the extraction of carbon dioxide is done to reduce the effect of climate change; it also releases oxygen which in turn is an essential component for the very survival of man and its environment.
The very act of tree planting reduces the impact of deforestation, reduces pollution and its corresponding health risk. It creates jobs and promotes or contributes to the beautification of the environment and acts as a resilience to climate impact in our world.
Human influence on the climate system is clear and growing, with impacts observed on all continents. However, many options are available to adapt to climate change and to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to ensure the risks from climate change remain manageable.